People With Disabilities Are Often Unable To Practice Their Full Rights
Iritized in resource allocation. This document highlights the risks that children and adults with disabilities face during the COVID-19 pandemic, and presents ways to respond to these risks.
The Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities provides an overview of the activities undertaken in 2018 and a thematic study on disability-specific forms of deprivation of liberty, in the light of the standards set forth in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
The report reviews disability-specific forms of detention, their underlying causes and adverse consequences, and proposes alternative rights-based models. The report contains recommendations to assist States to develop and implement reforms to end deprivation of liberty based on disability. These include the abolition of laws and regulations allowing for deprivation of liberty on the basis of disability, the implementation of deinstitutionalization policies, and the conduct of awareness-raising campaigns.
Human rights are for all, yet people with disabilities are often unable to practice their full rights. Discrimination, unavailability, prejudice, ignorance, and a lack of resources result in many people with disabilities living in poverty with little prospects to partake in society and affect their situation. This report describes human rights in relation to people with disabilities, how to break the cycle of isolation, and the tools available to continue the work to expand human rights to all.
Some 93 million children ─ or 1 in 20 of those aged 14 or younger ─ live with a moderate or severe disability of some kind. Most societies are inaccessible for children with disabilities. Prejudices, negative attitudes, traditions and inadequate knowledge and poor resourcing present obstacles for children with disabilities in accessing their rights. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC) is the foundation for Save the Children work. UN CRC states that children with disability have the same rights as other children. This means that they have the right to grow up in an environment that supports their development, that they have the right to express their opinions, to be heard and that they are entitled to education. The rights of children with disabilities are reinforced in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). States which have signed these conventions are responsible for promoting and fulfilling the rights of all children including children with disabilities.
Article 2 of the UN CRC, which is one of four fundamental principles, prescribes that no one should be discriminated against on the grounds of race, color, sex or disability. However, discrimination and exclusion are common for the majority of people with disability, particularly children. They are often an invisible group in important policies and plans. National policies and plans on education seldom have enough focus on children with disability and their inclusion. Another challenge is that children with disability are often considered as victims and that they lack the capacity to influence their own situation.
Save the Children advocates for the realization of the rights of children with disability and to ensure that they have the same opportunities, receive proper support and education and that they are empowered to influence their own situation.
COVID-19 Response: Considerations for children and adults with disabilities
In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, persons with disabilities may have increased risk for exposure, complications and death. However, previous experience has shown that children and adults with disabilities also face obstacles to access prevention and response measures. For example, girls and boys with disabilities may be at risk from exclusion from education if distance learning programs are not accessible. It is also likely that persons with disabilities are less prioritized in resource allocation. This document highlights the risks that children and adults with disabilities face during the COVID-19 pandemic, and presents ways to respond to these risks.
Prepared by Noor e Kainat Welfare Trust’s Disability Inclusion Working Group, this brief shares 10 things you should know about COVID-19 and persons with disabilities. In several countries and at a global level, persons with disabilities have spoken out that government information is not being shared in accessible formats, or that measures are not made to compensate for reduction in suport services that persons with disabilities depend on.
In relation to children, the availability of substitute caregivers when a parent or other primary caregiver is hospitalized must be ensured, as well as the availability of psycho-social support for hospitalized children. Development of contingency plans for children who face prolonged periods without formal education should also be prioritized.
The CP AoR Help Desk is managing a dropbox folder with collected global, regional, and country-level resources for COVID-19, and this document will be a living document stored in the dropbox folder.
While many documents below are from known organizations on verified sites, please note that not all resources below have been vetted by qualified health experts. Thus, it is important to confirm the use or adaptation of any materials with health, protection, and other colleagues in your country not only to ensure accuracy but also appropriateness & relevance for your context.
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